FREE WAEC GCE 2017 Geography Expo Answers (Obj And Essay) Question and Answer – Nov/Dec Expo/Runz/Site


WAEC GCE Geography Expo 2017,FREE WAEC GCE Geography Expo Answers 2017

2017 WAEC GCE Geography Questions and answers Expo


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*Geography Solution*

















i) Availability of raw materials: In determining the location of an industry, nearness to sources of raw material is of vital importance. Nearness to the sources of raw materials would reduce the cost of production of the industry.


ii) Availability of Labour: Adequate supply of cheap and skilled labour is necessary for and industry. The attraction of an industry towards labour centres depends on the ratio of labour cost to the total cost of production which Weber calls ‘Labour cost of Index’.


iii) Proximity to Markets: Access to markets is an important factor which the entrepreneur must take into consideration. Industries producing perishable or bulky commodities which cannot be transported over long distance are generally located in close proximity to markets.


iv) Transport Facilities: Transport facilities, generally, influence the location of industry. The transportation with its three modes, i.e., water, road, and rail collectively plays an important role.


v) Power: Another factor influencing the location of an industry is the availability of cheap power. Water, wind, coal, gas, oil and electricity are the chief sources of power.




i)Economic Growth: This is ensured through Government ownership of some organizations&Industries Are Required

ii)Protection of the Country’s Sovereignty: industries is sometimes meant to protect the integrity and sovereignty of the country

iii) Distribution of resources: industries is to ensure equitable distribution of the country’s resources to make profit

iv)Social Cost: The establishment of some industries may involve a social cost, thus ownership of such organizations becomes imperative

v)Prevention of competition: establishing industries is to make the role and duty to ensure the success of such corporations in the interest of the public




2a) -Rural-urban migration

– Urban-Rural migration

-Rural-Rural migration

– Urban -Urban migration




*Negative effects*


– Migration may cause disputes due to different culture.

Insufficient housing facilities.


– Increase in

homeless people.

Increase in

crime rate (illegal immigrants).

Illegal immigrants = illegal violent organization = violence related crimes/murders.


– Racial dispute which may lead to issues among countries.

Religious issues.





The Economic Benefits is the improving of time performance and reduces loss and damage, thus reducing economic drag. In other words this is reducing the cost and time for existing passenger and freight movements increase transport’s contribution to economic growth




Problem confronting rail transport


– Inefficiency


– Change in the political and economic factors which motivated the establishment of rail transportation


–    Bureaucratic Diseconomy


–  Stiff competition from Road transportation


–  Low funding on the part of Government


–  Problem of marketing myopia




– availability of capital to maintain and establish new railways.


– New fashioned technology which make the railways carry less car go transport


– availability of government policies to development railways..





*lack of capital,

*storage facilities,

*lack of reserved

*land for livestock


*Frequent theft.




5b) -Low rainfall supports growth of short deciduous trees in the north

– High and continuous rainfall give rise to evergreen vegetation

– As rain decreases northwards, density of vegetation decreases






–  Air transport has indirectly helped the business to grow at and around the various airport terminals.

– Another contribution of air transport which is closely related to job creation is that it aids mobility of labour.

–   Air transport promotes trade and commerce:- The improvement in air transport and communication worldwide has reduced the world to nothing more than a global village and it is bringing about a continuous increase in specialization.



-Uncertain and Unreliable:

Air transport is uncertain and unreliable as it is controlled to a great extent by weather conditions. Unfavourable weather such as fog, snow or heavy rain etc. may cause cancellation of scheduled flights and suspension of air service.

– Breakdowns and Accidents:

The chances of breakdowns and accidents are high as compared to other modes of transport. Hence, it involves comparatively greater risk.

-Large Investment. It requires a large amount of capital investment in the construction and maintenance of aeroplanes. Further, very trained and skilled persons are required for operating air service.

-Unsuitable for Cheap and Bulky Goods:

Air transport is unsuitable for carrying cheap, bulky and heavy goods because of its limited capacity and high cost.